Lophophora williamsii - PsychonautWiki

Lophophora williamsii

(Redirected from Peyote)

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Please avoid harvesting peyote in its natural habitat.

Peyote populations are rapidly declining in nature due to over-harvesting by non-indigenous peoples. As a result, it is currently a threatened species.[1][2] Those who wish to consume peyote are encouraged to grow their own or use alternative mescaline-containing cactus species such as San Pedro or Peruvian Torch.

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   |BotanyTable_MaxWidth=300px
   |BotanyTable_Title=Lophophora williamsii
   |ModuleSource=true
   |ModuleTaxonomicalNomenclature=true
   |ModuleCommonNomenclature=true
   |ModuleActiveConstituents=true
   |ModuleInactiveConstituents=true
   |PhotoImageFile=File:Lophophora_williamsii_ies.jpg
   |PhotoImageWidth=270px
   |PhotoImageCaption=Peyote in a pot.
  |NameTaxonomy̜Kingdom=Plantae
  |NameTaxonomyUnranked1=Angiosperms
  |NameTaxonomyUnranked2=Eudicots
  |NameTaxonomyUnranked3=Core eudicots
  |NameTaxonomyOrder=Caryophyllales
  |NameTaxonomyFamily=Cactaceae
  |NameTaxonomyGenus=Lophophora
  |NameTaxonomySpecies=L. williamsii
   |NamesCommon=Peyote, Peyotel (in Latin America)
   |ActiveConstituents=Mescaline, Pellotine, Hordenine, etc.

Lophophora williamsii, also known as peyote or peyotel, is a slow growing spineless cactus with psychoactive alkaloids like mescaline and pellotine.[3] Native North Americans are likely to have used peyote, often for spiritual purposes, for at least 5,500 years.[4]

Distribution and habitat

Etymology

The word peyote is the Spanish form of the ancient Nahuatlan word peyotl. Some etymologist suggested that this word is derived from the aztec word "pepeyoni" (means to excite) or "pepeyon" (to activate).[5] de Molina claimed that it is derived from the Nahuatlan word "peyutl" which means "silk cocoon or caterpillar's cocoon".[6]

External links

References

  1. Lophophora williamsii | http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/151962/0
  2. Lophophora diffusa | http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/40967/0
  3. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/5065448
  4. El-Seedi HR, De Smet PA, Beck O, Possnert G, Bruhn JG (October 2005). "Prehistoric peyote use: alkaloid analysis and radiocarbon dating of archaeological specimens of Lophophora from Texas". J Ethnopharmacol.
  5. PEYOTE (LOPHOPHORA WILLIAMSII) AND PLANTS CONFUSED WITH IT by Richard Evans , Harvard University (November 19, 1937) | http://www.jstor.org/stable/41762659
  6. Peyote: The Divine Cactus By Edward F. Anderson, Page 160