Visual enhancements - PsychonautWiki
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Visual enhancements are defined as any subjective effect which improves one's ability to perceive the external environment through their sense of sight.

This page lists and describes the various visual effects which can occur under the influence of certain psychoactive compounds.

Contents

Acuity enhancement

Main article: Acuity enhancement
Visual acuity enhancement by StingrayZ - This animation serves as a replication of visual acuity enhancement, which is a common psychedelic effect. It demonstrates the general differences between normal vision and acuity enhancement by shifting between the two states. There is also a subtle amount of visual drifting within this replication.

Acuity enhancement is defined as a heightening of the clearness and clarity of vision. This results in the visual details of the external environment becoming sharpened to the point where the edges of objects become perceived as extremely focused, clear, and defined. The experience of acuity enhancement can be likened to bringing a camera or projector lens that was slightly blurry into focus. At its highest level, a person may experience the ability to observe and comprehend their entire visual field simultaneously, including their peripheral vision. This is in contrast to the default sober state where a person is only able to perceive the small area of central vision in detail.[1]

While under the influence of this effect, it is common for people to suddenly notice patterns and details in the environment they may have never previously noticed or appreciated. For example, the complexity and perceived beauty of the visual input often become apparent when looking at sceneries, nature, and everyday textures.

Acuity enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as color enhancement and pattern recognition enhancement.[2][3] It is most commonly induced under the influence of mild dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline. However, it can also occur to a lesser extent under the influence of certain stimulants and dissociatives such as MDMA or 3-MeO-PCP.

Image examples

 Caption
25N-NBOMe
Escaline
Experience:337mg DMT fumarate - A Day With DMT
Ibogaine
Experience:4.5g - The Grand Introduction to Beauty and Fear
4-AcO-DET
Oxiracetam
DET
25B-NBOH
LSM-775
25I-NBOMe
LSD
2C-T-7
DPT
5-MeO-MiPT
Phenylpiracetam
1P-ETH-LAD
Experience:BK-2C-B - Various experiences
Ayahuasca
DOI
2C-P
LSA
5-MeO-DALT
4-HO-DET
Allylescaline
Experience:3g mimosa / 3g syrian rue - Connecting with my body
2C-I
1B-LSD
Experience:Mushrooms and Snuff Films -- Trip Report (3.5 grams)
Experience:60mg 4-AcO-DMT Nonstop Quasi-Orgasmic Objectless Euphoria
2C-B-FLY
Experience:LSD (120ug) - An Overdose of LSD and Trip into Insanity
Experience:3 drops of cinnamon bark oil/ 5 drops of german chamomile oil/ 2mL of nutmeg oil in lecithin - experiments with nutmeg oil
DOC
25D-NBOMe
PARGY-LAD
3-MeO-PCP
Experience:4x 200ug tabs - You do not need to understand
 Moss on tree Bark by Chelsea Morgan
2-Aminoindane
4-HO-EPT
ΑMT
ALD-52
Psilocybin mushrooms
Experience:3.5g psilocybe cubensis - Relinquishing of Material Chains/Fear and Desolation
 Towel by Chelsea Morgan
TMA-2
25B-NBOMe
4-HO-MiPT
Desoxypipradrol
Experience: 15mg 2C-B (oral) - A pleasant low-dose evening with Nexus
Experience:26mg - Stage 3 Trip
DOB
4-AcO-DMT
MET
DOM
Experience:150mg MDMA + 20mg 2C-B - I designed it this way myself
25I-NBOH
Omberacetam
MiPLA
Experience:2.5g Mushrooms + 500mg DMT
Psilocin
Proscaline
Pramiracetam
MDA
MDAI
5-MeO-DiBF
4-HO-DPT
5-MeO-DiPT
Lisdexamfetamine
25C-NBOH
3,4-CTMP
MiPT
Bromo-DragonFLY
PRO-LAD
Experience:2mg 25C-NBOMe - Experimental trip to test personal limits of NBOMes
Experience:300µg LSD - Togetherness and the Silent Dusk
3C-E
ETH-LAD
Experience:5.3g psilocybe cubensis - Dimensional Circumstance and the Fabric of Understanding
5-MAPB
Experience: 1.5g Psilocybe Cubensis - Analysis of body and mind
4-HO-MET
Mescaline
3-MeO-PCE
TMA-6
4-AcO-MET
25C-NBOMe
Experience: 5-EAPB (60mg) + 2-FMA (20mg) + 4-AcO-DMT (10mg) - Emotional catharsis
Coluracetam
2C-C
Aniracetam
Phenethylamine (compound)
MPT
Experience:3 Grams of Mushrooms - Reset on my Life, Experiencing Satori and the Cosmic Perspective
Experience:LSA (20 HWBR seeds) – A pleasant adventure with a harsh body load
2C-D
Experience:20mg - I looked up and saw an angry god-like figure made of clouds glaring down at me
Memantine
Bufotenin
DMT
Experience: 36mg 4-AcO-DiPT - Truly, one for the psychedelic animals among us
Experience:40mg - Brothermind and the Forest's Hand
4-AcO-DiPT
Βk-2C-B
4-AcO-MiPT
4-HO-DiPT
AL-LAD
2C-T-21
 Tree Bark by Chelsea Morgan
Amanita muscaria
Experience:800 seeds LSA - My First Trip Ever
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
Experience:25mg 3-MeO-PCP - Enhanced film experience
4-HO-MPT
2C-E
Citicoline
LSZ
Methallylescaline
5-MeO-DMT
2C-B
Piracetam
2C-T-2
Efavirenz
1P-LSD

Colour enhancement

Main article: Colour enhancement

Colour enhancement is defined as an intensification of the brightness and vividness of colors in the external environment. During this experience, reds may seem “redder”, greens may seem “greener", and all colors will likely appear much more distinct, complex, and visually intense than they comparatively would be during everyday sober living.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] At higher levels, this effect can sometimes result in seeing colours which are perceived as surreal or seemingly impossible.[4][5]

Colour enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and pattern recognition enhancement.[2][3] It is most commonly induced under the influence of mild dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline. However, it can also occur to a lesser extent under the influence of certain stimulants and dissociatives such as MDMA, ketamine[10], or 3-MeO-PCP.

Image examples

 Caption
MDAI
LSZ
Pramiracetam
Escaline
Experience:337mg DMT fumarate - A Day With DMT
Experience:4.5g - The Grand Introduction to Beauty and Fear
Experience:4-HO-MiPT / A care free psychedelic getaway
Experience:3g mimosa / 3g syrian rue - Connecting with my body
Experience:25mg Deschloroketamine - My first time orally dosing DCK
Ibogaine
3-MeO-PCE
Experience:75mg 3-FMA - Perfect Blend of Euphoria and Functionality
4-HO-MiPT
Experience:Mushrooms and Snuff Films -- Trip Report (3.5 grams)
Aniracetam
Experience:3.5g psilocybe cubensis - Relinquishing of Material Chains/Fear and Desolation
 The Woods by Chelsea Morgan
JWH-018
4-HO-EPT
 Rose by Chelsea Morgan
EPT
1P-ETH-LAD
MDA
Experience:2C-P (approx. 35mg) - Asymmetrical Terror and the Geometric Sea
2C-B
3-MMC
6-APDB
6-APB
Experience: 15mg 2C-B (oral) - A pleasant low-dose evening with Nexus
DPT
DOC
4-AcO-DET
Experience:4x 200ug tabs - You do not need to understand
25B-NBOMe
Mescaline
LSA
Experience:2.5g Syrian rue + 6g Mimosa Hostilis - Becoming God (my second experience with unity)
Amanita muscaria
1P-LSD
5-MeO-DALT
4-HO-MET
JWH-073
Experience:Unknown Dose DOC (Insufflated) - Overdosing and Terifying Ego Death
Memantine
TMA-2
 Chur, Switzerland by Naps284
Experience:~150mg MDA(oral) - a case of mistaken identity
2C-D
4-AcO-DiPT
2C-E
2C-I
Omberacetam
Experience:4-AcO-DMT + 200mg Pill
2C-B-FLY
25C-NBOMe
Experience:150mg MDMA + 20mg 2C-B - I designed it this way myself
Phenylpiracetam
TMA-6
Experience:800 seeds LSA - My First Trip Ever
5F-PB-22
4-HO-MPT
 Paradise island by Subsentience
ETH-LAD
Experience: 5-EAPB (60mg) + 2-FMA (20mg) + 4-AcO-DMT (10mg) - Emotional catharsis
Experience:60mg 4-AcO-DMT Nonstop Quasi-Orgasmic Objectless Euphoria
4-FA
1B-LSD
25B-NBOH
PARGY-LAD
5-MeO-DiPT
4-AcO-MET
Experience:3-MeO-PCP - Extreme psychosis
Coluracetam
25N-NBOMe
THJ-018
DOB
Ayahuasca
4-AcO-MiPT
Experience:300mg DXM + 25mg DMT + Cannabis - A crazy night
25I-NBOH
Efavirenz
Experience: 36mg 4-AcO-DiPT - Truly, one for the psychedelic animals among us
Proscaline
Experience:25mg 3-MeO-PCP - Enhanced film experience
MPT
PRO-LAD
AL-LAD
Experience:Unknown dosage / 1 tab DOC - Psychedelia Turned Into Stimulant Psychosis
 Showing differences by Chelsea Morgan
MET
25C-NBOH
2C-H
Piracetam
MiPT
Experience: 22mg 2C-B (oral) / 100ug 1P-LSD (sublingual) - My first time tripping alone (2 days in a row)
MDEA
2C-T-2
4-HO-DPT
4-HO-DiPT
DMT
THJ-2201
Βk-2C-B
2C-P
LSD
LSM-775
 Japanese Garden by Anonymous
MDMA
5-Hydroxytryptophan
5-MeO-MiPT
Experience:2 tabs DOB - My DOB Nightmare
2C-T-21
2C-C
DiPT
25I-NBOMe
25D-NBOMe
Pregabalin
DOI
ΑMT
DET
Experience:300µg AL-LAD - Don't worry, because you're everyone!
5-MeO-DiBF
Experience:1mg 25c-NBOMe - Experiment in my room
3C-E
Bromo-DragonFLY
Methallylescaline
Experience:5.3g psilocybe cubensis - Dimensional Circumstance and the Fabric of Understanding
4-AcO-DMT
Experience:40mg - Brothermind and the Forest's Hand
2C-T-7
Experience:250mg DXM - DXM Itch and Trip Report
Bufotenin
Phenethylamine (compound)
Experience:3 Grams of Mushrooms - Reset on my Life, Experiencing Satori and the Cosmic Perspective
Experience:1000 Morning Glory seeds - Rediscovering the Self
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
Psilocybin mushrooms
Experience:120mg - Garden of The Gods
ALD-52
Experience:1050 µg 1cP-LSD - The matrix
GABAergic hallucinogens
MiPLA
Experience:225ug LSD + 9g cubensis - Galactic Melt and the Meverse
Oxiracetam
Experience:225mg Pregabalin +Cannabis -Bliss and Serenity; a hedonistic evening
Experience:BK-2C-B - Various experiences
 Chameleon by Anonymous.
Psilocin
Allylescaline
Experience:300µg LSD - Togetherness and the Silent Dusk
Experience:A combination of DOC, 5-MAPB, 5-MeO-DMT, ETH-LAD, Cannabis, Pentedrone
DOM
4-HO-DET

Frame rate enhancement

Visual Processing Acceleration is defined as an increase in the speed at which a person can perceive and interpret rapidly occurring events. It is most commonly experienced during events which are felt to be either dangerous, intense, or highly novel.[11][12][13][14] The effect gives the appearance that the external environment is being viewed in slow motion and that brief moments of time have been "stretched out". For example, fast moving objects such as birds, insects, and cars may begin to present themselves as clearly viewable instead of as fleeting blurs of motion, as they may during every day sobriety.

In terms of its intensity, this effect usually manifests subtly, only slightly slowing down a person's perception of motion. However, in rare cases, this effect can temporarily slow the visual perception of time to a near stand-still, causing events to appear dramatically slower.

Visual processing acceleration is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and thought acceleration. It is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline.

Magnification

Main article: Magnification
Magnification by StingrayZ - This is an animated example of the common psychedelic visual effect known as magnification. There is also a significant amount of visual drifting present within the animation.

Magnification is defined as the experience of distant details within one's visual field appearing closer and more "zoomed in" than they actually are due to both visual enhancements and hallucinatory effects.[15] This can give the perception that one is seeing objects from greater distances than is usually possible within everyday life.

At its lower levels, this can allow people to see nearby objects (such as within reaching distance) as much closer than they really are, resulting in the perception that their visual capabilities have been enhanced.[15] At its higher levels, this can induce the perception of seeing distant objects as if they were right in front of the user despite their distance. These distances can range from several feet to hundreds of meters. Since this is most likely a physiological impossibility, it suggests that higher level magnification may actually be a seamless hallucinatory state in which the details of distant visual input are predictively simulated in a realistic and convincing manner.

It's worth noting that this effect is considerably more likely to occur if a person spends extended periods of time staring at an object or scene within the distance.

Magnification is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and pattern recognition enhancement. It is a rare effect that is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline.

Pattern recognition enhancement

 
Face in a cloud by Neil Usher - This image serves as an example of pattern recognition enhancement.

Pattern recognition enhancement is defined as an increase in a person's ability and tendency to recognize patterns (usually faces) within vague stimuli.

This innate ability which human beings possess in everyday life is referred to by the scientific literature as pareidolia and is a well documented phenomenon.[16][17][18] Common examples of this include spotting faces in everyday objects, such as the front of a car, or seeing different objects in clouds.[8]

During this effect, pareidolia can be significantly more pronounced than it would usually be during a sober state.[19] For example, remarkably detailed images may appear embedded in scenery, everyday objects may look like faces, and clouds may appear as fantastical objects, all without any visual alterations taking place. Once an image has been perceived within an object or landscape, the mind may further exaggerate this recognition through the hallucinatory effect known as transformations, which goes beyond pareidolia and becomes a standard visual hallucination.

Pattern recognition enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and colour enhancement.[2][3] It is most commonly induced under the influence of mild dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline.

Image examples

 Caption
Allylescaline
 Face in a cloud by Neil Usher
Experience:2C-P (approx. 35mg) - Asymmetrical Terror and the Geometric Sea
Βk-2C-B
PRO-LAD
MPT
EPT
25I-NBOMe
Experience:5g Mushrooms - Failed attempt at a Terence Mckenna style trip.
Harmala alkaloid
4-HO-MET
5-MeO-DALT
Experience:40mg - Brothermind and the Forest's Hand
25B-NBOMe
Experience:Unknown dosage / 1 tab DOC - Psychedelia Turned Into Stimulant Psychosis
DET
 Face within a cloud by Denis Farmer
Experience:4.5g - The Grand Introduction to Beauty and Fear
Experience: 15mg 2C-B (oral) - A pleasant low-dose evening with Nexus
6-APDB
DMT
 Face within tree bark by Bev Doolittle
ALD-52
4-HO-DPT
4-AcO-MiPT
2C-T-2
Experience:Unknown dosage / 3 tabs - Ego death and a total break through in the snow
2C-T-7
Experience: 200µg 1P-LSD (sublingual) + 12mg CBD - The Vortex of Empathy
 Eye of the tower by Davide Lombardi
 Squinting eyes on a roof top by Anonymous
25I-NBOH
4-HO-DET
Experience:20mg (insufflated) - permanent all-encompassing states of unity and interconnectedness
ΑMT
Experience: 80mg EPT - Slight improvement
 Optical illusion by Oleg Shuplyak
AL-LAD
4-HO-MiPT
Ibogaine
MDMA
MDA
DOB
Experience:25mg - A labyrinth of organs and a storybook walk
5-MeO-DiPT
Experience:20mg 4-HO-DET, Triping for my birthday
Experience:BK-2C-B - Various experiences
1P-LSD
2C-B
Experience:1000 Morning Glory seeds - Rediscovering the Self
5-MeO-DiBF
2C-C
Proscaline
Experience:120µg LSD - First Bad Acid Trip, Psychosis
25C-NBOH
LSD
DOI
2C-T-21
1B-LSD
Experience:250 seeds - Harsh body load
4-HO-EPT
Experience:Mushrooms and Snuff Films -- Trip Report (3.5 grams)
4-AcO-DMT
4-AcO-DET
 Optical illusion by Oleg Shuplyak
Experience:0.75g MDMA - Possibly some MDA through metabolisation?
 The Forest Has Eyes by Bev Doolittle
4-FA
Psilocin
Experience: 22mg 2C-B (oral) / 100ug 1P-LSD (sublingual) - My first time tripping alone (2 days in a row)
MET
DOM
LSA
2C-I
Efavirenz
Bromo-DragonFLY
MDEA
Methallylescaline
Experience:3.5g psilocybe cubensis - Relinquishing of Material Chains/Fear and Desolation
25B-NBOH
6-APB
2C-P
25D-NBOMe
Escaline
25N-NBOMe
DPT
Psilocybin mushrooms
Experience:~150mg MDA(oral) - a case of mistaken identity
5-MeO-MiPT
 Smile in tree bark by Chelsea Morgan
Experience:300µg LSD - Togetherness and the Silent Dusk
Ayahuasca
4-HO-DiPT
Mescaline
Experience:3 Grams of Mushrooms - Reset on my Life, Experiencing Satori and the Cosmic Perspective
 Skullflower by Anonymous
ETH-LAD
4-AcO-MET
MiPT
3-MMC
4-HO-MPT
1P-ETH-LAD
3C-E
MiPLA
PARGY-LAD
Experience:2mg 25C-NBOMe - Experimental trip to test personal limits of NBOMes
Experience:20mg - I looked up and saw an angry god-like figure made of clouds glaring down at me
Experience:150mg MDMA + 20mg 2C-B - I designed it this way myself
25C-NBOMe
2C-E
LSM-775
TMA-2
LSZ
2C-B-FLY
TMA-6
 Absents of the mermaid by Octavio Ocampo
2C-D
DOC


See also

References

  1. Sardegna, Jill; Shelly, Susan; Rutzen, Allan Richard; Scott M Steidl (2002). The Encyclopedia of Blindness and Vision Impairment. Infobase Publishing. p. 253. ISBN 978-0-8160-6623-0. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Papoutsis, Ioannis; Nikolaou, Panagiota; Stefanidou, Maria; Spiliopoulou, Chara; Athanaselis, Sotiris (2014). "25B-NBOMe and its precursor 2C-B: modern trends and hidden dangers". Forensic Toxicology. 33 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1007/s11419-014-0242-9. ISSN 1860-8965. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Bersani, Francesco Saverio; Corazza, Ornella; Albano, Gabriella; Valeriani, Giuseppe; Santacroce, Rita; Bolzan Mariotti Posocco, Flaminia; Cinosi, Eduardo; Simonato, Pierluigi; Martinotti, Giovanni; Bersani, Giuseppe; Schifano, Fabrizio (2014). "25C-NBOMe: Preliminary Data on Pharmacology, Psychoactive Effects, and Toxicity of a New Potent and Dangerous Hallucinogenic Drug". BioMed Research International. 2014: 1–6. doi:10.1155/2014/734749. ISSN 2314-6133. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Hartman, Alan M.; Hollister, Leo E. (1963). "Effect of mescaline, lysergic acid diethylamide and psilocybin on color perception". Psychopharmacologia. 4 (6): 441–451. doi:10.1007/BF00403349. ISSN 0033-3158. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Kleinman, J. E.; Gillin, J. C.; Wyatt, R. J. (1977). "A Comparison of the Phenomenology of Hallucinogens and Schizophrenia From Some Autobiographical Accounts*". Schizophrenia Bulletin. 3 (4): 560–586. doi:10.1093/schbul/3.4.560. ISSN 0586-7614. 
  6. . doi:10.3389/Ffnhum.2015.00346.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. Obreshkova, D., Kandilarov, I., Angelova, V. T., Iliev, Y., Atanasov, P., & Fotev, P. S. (2017). PHARMACO-TOXICOLOGICAL ASPECTS AND ANALYSIS OF PHENYLALKYLAMINE AND INDOLYLALKYLAMINE HALLUCINOGENS (REVIEW). PHARMACIA, 64(1), 41-42. http://bsphs.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Angelova.pdf
  8. 8.0 8.1 Abraham, Henry David (1983). "Visual Phenomenology of the LSD Flashback". Archives of General Psychiatry. 40 (8): 884. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1983.01790070074009. ISSN 0003-990X. 
  9. Baggott, M.J.; Coyle, J.R.; Erowid, E.; Erowid, F.; Robertson, L.C. (2011). "Abnormal visual experiences in individuals with histories of hallucinogen use: A web-based questionnaire". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 114 (1): 61–67. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.09.006. ISSN 0376-8716. 
  10. Dillon, P (2003). "Patterns of use and harms associated with non-medical ketamine use". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 69 (1): 23–28. doi:10.1016/S0376-8716(02)00243-0. ISSN 0376-8716. 
  11. Time Really Does Seem to Slow Down for Athletes (Gizmodo) | https://gizmodo.com/5940562/time-really-does-seem-to-slow-down-for-athletes
  12. Wittmann, Marc; Leland, David S.; Churan, Jan; Paulus, Martin P. (2007). "Impaired time perception and motor timing in stimulant-dependent subjects". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 90 (2-3): 183–192. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.03.005. ISSN 0376-8716. 
  13. Arstila, Valtteri (2012). "Time Slows Down during Accidents". Frontiers in Psychology. 3. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00196. ISSN 1664-1078. 
  14. Burr, David; Stetson, Chess; Fiesta, Matthew P.; Eagleman, David M. (2007). "Does Time Really Slow Down during a Frightening Event?". PLoS ONE. 2 (12): e1295. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001295. ISSN 1932-6203. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Fischer, Roland; Hill, Richard; Thatcher, Karen; Scheib, James (1970). "Psilocybin-induced contraction of nearby visual space". Agents and Actions. 1 (4): 190–197. doi:10.1007/BF01965761. ISSN 0065-4299. 
  16. Liu, Jiangang; Li, Jun; Feng, Lu; Li, Ling; Tian, Jie; Lee, Kang (2014). "Seeing Jesus in toast: Neural and behavioral correlates of face pareidolia". Cortex. 53: 60–77. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2014.01.013. ISSN 0010-9452. 
  17. Hadjikhani, Nouchine; Kato, Masaharu; Mugitani, Ryoko (2015). "Pareidolia in Infants". PLOS ONE. 10 (2): e0118539. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118539. ISSN 1932-6203. 
  18. Coolidge, F. L., & Coolidge, M. L. (2016, August 09). Why People See Faces When There Are None: Pareidolia. Retrieved February 21, 2018, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/how-think-neandertal/201608/why-people-see-faces-when-there-are-none-pareidolia
  19. Halberstadt, Adam L. (2015). "Recent advances in the neuropsychopharmacology of serotonergic hallucinogens". Behavioural Brain Research. 277: 99–120. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2014.07.016. ISSN 0166-4328.