Visual enhancements - PsychonautWiki
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Visual enhancements are defined as any subjective effect which improves one's ability to perceive the external environment through their sense of sight.

This page lists and describes the various visual effects which can occur under the influence of certain psychoactive compounds.

Contents

Acuity enhancement

Main article: Acuity enhancement
Visual acuity enhancement by StingrayZ - This animation serves as a replication of visual acuity enhancement, which is a common psychedelic effect. It demonstrates the general differences between normal vision and acuity enhancement by shifting between the two states. There is also a subtle amount of visual drifting within this replication.

Acuity enhancement is defined as a heightening of the clearness and clarity of vision. This results in the visual details of the external environment becoming sharpened to the point where the edges of objects become perceived as extremely focused, clear, and defined. The experience of acuity enhancement can be likened to bringing a camera or projector lens that was slightly blurry into focus. At its highest level, a person may experience the ability to observe and comprehend their entire visual field simultaneously, including their peripheral vision. This is in contrast to the default sober state where a person is only able to perceive the small area of central vision in detail.[1]

While under the influence of this effect, it is common for people to suddenly notice patterns and details in the environment they may have never previously noticed or appreciated. For example, the complexity and perceived beauty of the visual input often become apparent when looking at sceneries, nature, and everyday textures.

Acuity enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as color enhancement and pattern recognition enhancement.[2][3] It is most commonly induced under the influence of mild dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline. However, it can also occur to a lesser extent under the influence of certain stimulants and dissociatives such as MDMA or 3-MeO-PCP.

Image examples

 Caption
Piracetam
1P-LSD
3-MeO-PCP
DOC
ETH-LAD
Amanita muscaria
Experience:26mg - Stage 3 Trip
Aniracetam
4-HO-MiPT
ALD-52
Experience:20mg - I looked up and saw an angry god-like figure made of clouds glaring down at me
25I-NBOMe
Experience:2mg 25C-NBOMe - Experimental trip to test personal limits of NBOMes
25C-NBOH
Phenethylamine (compound)
Lisdexamfetamine
Omberacetam
DOB
TMA-2
2C-B-FLY
DPT
Bromo-DragonFLY
 Tree Bark by Chelsea Morgan
 Towel by Chelsea Morgan
Experience: 5-EAPB (60mg) + 2-FMA (20mg) + 4-AcO-DMT (10mg) - Emotional catharsis
4-HO-DPT
Ibogaine
PARGY-LAD
Escaline
MDAI
Experience:40mg - Brothermind and the Forest's Hand
2C-E
 Moss on tree Bark by Chelsea Morgan
Βk-2C-B
2C-T-2
MET
5-MAPB
Coluracetam
4-AcO-DiPT
2-Aminoindane
LSZ
DET
MiPT
Ayahuasca
Experience:LSA (20 HWBR seeds) – A pleasant adventure with a harsh body load
Experience:25mg 3-MeO-PCP - Enhanced film experience
DOI
Experience:5.3g psilocybe cubensis - Dimensional Circumstance and the Fabric of Understanding
Psilocybin mushrooms
Experience:2.5g Mushrooms + 500mg DMT
Experience: 15mg 2C-B (oral) - A pleasant low-dose evening with Nexus
LSA
Experience:BK-2C-B - Various experiences
Memantine
5-MeO-DMT
4-HO-EPT
5-MeO-DiPT
2C-B
4-HO-DiPT
2C-P
2C-D
Proscaline
3C-E
LSD
3-MeO-PCE
5-MeO-DALT
Experience:337mg DMT fumarate - A Day With DMT
Experience:3.5g psilocybe cubensis - Relinquishing of Material Chains/Fear and Desolation
25B-NBOH
MiPLA
25D-NBOMe
25C-NBOMe
3,4-CTMP
Desoxypipradrol
AL-LAD
25I-NBOH
Methallylescaline
Citicoline
2C-T-7
Experience:800 seeds LSA - My First Trip Ever
Experience:LSD (120ug) - An Overdose of LSD and Trip into Insanity
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
4-AcO-MET
Experience: 36mg 4-AcO-DiPT - Truly, one for the psychedelic animals among us
Mescaline
4-AcO-DMT
Allylescaline
1B-LSD
Experience:3g mimosa / 3g syrian rue - Connecting with my body
4-HO-MET
Bufotenin
LSM-775
DOM
4-HO-DET
25B-NBOMe
Oxiracetam
Experience:60mg 4-AcO-DMT Nonstop Quasi-Orgasmic Objectless Euphoria
PRO-LAD
MPT
Experience:Mushrooms and Snuff Films -- Trip Report (3.5 grams)
5-MeO-DiBF
MDA
Pramiracetam
Experience:300µg LSD - Togetherness and the Silent Dusk
4-AcO-MiPT
4-AcO-DET
1P-ETH-LAD
4-HO-MPT
25N-NBOMe
Experience: 1.5g Psilocybe Cubensis - Analysis of body and mind
Experience:150mg MDMA + 20mg 2C-B - I designed it this way myself
Experience:4x 200ug tabs - You do not need to understand
Experience:3 Grams of Mushrooms - Reset on my Life, Experiencing Satori and the Cosmic Perspective
2C-C
DMT
Efavirenz
TMA-6
Experience:3 drops of cinnamon bark oil/ 5 drops of german chamomile oil/ 2mL of nutmeg oil in lecithin - experiments with nutmeg oil
Phenylpiracetam
Experience:4.5g - The Grand Introduction to Beauty and Fear
Psilocin
2C-T-21
2C-I
5-MeO-MiPT
ΑMT

Colour enhancement

Main article: Colour enhancement

Colour enhancement is defined as an intensification of the brightness and vividness of colors in the external environment. During this experience, reds may seem “redder”, greens may seem “greener", and all colors will likely appear much more distinct, complex, and visually intense than they comparatively would be during everyday sober living.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9] At higher levels, this effect can sometimes result in seeing colours which are perceived as surreal or seemingly impossible.[4][5]

Colour enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and pattern recognition enhancement.[2][3] It is most commonly induced under the influence of mild dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline. However, it can also occur to a lesser extent under the influence of certain stimulants and dissociatives such as MDMA, ketamine[10], or 3-MeO-PCP.

Image examples

 Caption
2C-D
Experience:4.5g - The Grand Introduction to Beauty and Fear
JWH-073
Experience:A combination of DOC, 5-MAPB, 5-MeO-DMT, ETH-LAD, Cannabis, Pentedrone
 Japanese Garden by Anonymous
DOI
Experience:337mg DMT fumarate - A Day With DMT
MiPLA
Experience:1mg 25c-NBOMe - Experiment in my room
 Showing differences by Chelsea Morgan
25I-NBOMe
ETH-LAD
Amanita muscaria
ALD-52
Psilocin
4-FA
Piracetam
2C-B
LSM-775
DOC
THJ-2201
Experience:225ug LSD + 9g cubensis - Galactic Melt and the Meverse
Experience:225mg Pregabalin +Cannabis -Bliss and Serenity; a hedonistic evening
6-APDB
4-HO-MET
Ibogaine
Experience:25mg 3-MeO-PCP - Enhanced film experience
4-HO-DPT
Coluracetam
1B-LSD
Oxiracetam
4-HO-DiPT
Allylescaline
25B-NBOH
 Rose by Chelsea Morgan
Experience:Unknown Dose DOC (Insufflated) - Overdosing and Terifying Ego Death
Experience:Unknown dosage / 1 tab DOC - Psychedelia Turned Into Stimulant Psychosis
GABAergic hallucinogens
Mescaline
PRO-LAD
DiPT
Experience:4x 200ug tabs - You do not need to understand
Experience:120mg - Garden of The Gods
Experience:60mg 4-AcO-DMT Nonstop Quasi-Orgasmic Objectless Euphoria
Experience:300mg DXM + 25mg DMT + Cannabis - A crazy night
Experience:5.3g psilocybe cubensis - Dimensional Circumstance and the Fabric of Understanding
LSD
PARGY-LAD
25C-NBOH
Experience: 5-EAPB (60mg) + 2-FMA (20mg) + 4-AcO-DMT (10mg) - Emotional catharsis
Experience:Mushrooms and Snuff Films -- Trip Report (3.5 grams)
Βk-2C-B
2C-I
3-MMC
Ayahuasca
Escaline
Experience:2C-P (approx. 35mg) - Asymmetrical Terror and the Geometric Sea
ΑMT
Bufotenin
Experience:4-AcO-DMT + 200mg Pill
Experience:75mg 3-FMA - Perfect Blend of Euphoria and Functionality
Bromo-DragonFLY
Efavirenz
Experience:1000 Morning Glory seeds - Rediscovering the Self
Experience: 15mg 2C-B (oral) - A pleasant low-dose evening with Nexus
Experience:800 seeds LSA - My First Trip Ever
THJ-018
4-AcO-MiPT
DPT
4-HO-EPT
MDEA
Experience: 22mg 2C-B (oral) / 100ug 1P-LSD (sublingual) - My first time tripping alone (2 days in a row)
MDAI
1P-ETH-LAD
5F-PB-22
Methallylescaline
Psilocybin mushrooms
MET
 Chur, Switzerland by Naps284
3C-E
6-APB
4-AcO-DiPT
DOM
DMT
Pregabalin
MPT
Cannabis
Experience:1050 µg 1cP-LSD - The matrix
4-HO-DET
JWH-018
Aniracetam
LSA
Pramiracetam
Omberacetam
 Paradise island by Subsentience
Phenylpiracetam
DOB
Experience:150mg MDMA + 20mg 2C-B - I designed it this way myself
25N-NBOMe
4-HO-MiPT
Experience:3.5g psilocybe cubensis - Relinquishing of Material Chains/Fear and Desolation
2C-T-21
MiPT
Experience:BK-2C-B - Various experiences
5-MeO-MiPT
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor
25I-NBOH
MDA
Memantine
TMA-2
Experience:40mg - Brothermind and the Forest's Hand
LSZ
5-MeO-DiBF
2C-T-2
Experience:300µg AL-LAD - Don't worry, because you're everyone!
5-Hydroxytryptophan
Experience: 36mg 4-AcO-DiPT - Truly, one for the psychedelic animals among us
5-MeO-DALT
MDMA
AL-LAD
2C-E
EPT
4-AcO-MET
Experience:2 tabs DOB - My DOB Nightmare
DET
4-AcO-DET
Experience:3g mimosa / 3g syrian rue - Connecting with my body
Experience:3-MeO-PCP - Extreme psychosis
5-MeO-DiPT
TMA-6
2C-P
4-AcO-DMT
2C-T-7
Experience:3 Grams of Mushrooms - Reset on my Life, Experiencing Satori and the Cosmic Perspective
Experience:25mg Deschloroketamine - My first time orally dosing DCK
2C-B-FLY
25D-NBOMe
3-MeO-PCE
Experience:~150mg MDA(oral) - a case of mistaken identity
2C-C
Proscaline
Experience:300µg LSD - Togetherness and the Silent Dusk
1P-LSD
2C-H
25C-NBOMe
Phenethylamine (compound)
Experience:4-HO-MiPT / A care free psychedelic getaway
Experience:2.5g Syrian rue + 6g Mimosa Hostilis - Becoming God (my second experience with unity)
25B-NBOMe
 Chameleon by Anonymous.
4-HO-MPT
 The Woods by Chelsea Morgan
Experience:250mg DXM - DXM Itch and Trip Report

Frame rate enhancement

Visual Processing Acceleration is defined as an increase in the speed at which a person can perceive and interpret rapidly occurring events. It is most commonly experienced during events which are felt to be either dangerous, intense, or highly novel.[11][12][13][14] The effect gives the appearance that the external environment is being viewed in slow motion and that brief moments of time have been "stretched out". For example, fast moving objects such as birds, insects, and cars may begin to present themselves as clearly viewable instead of as fleeting blurs of motion, as they may during every day sobriety.

In terms of its intensity, this effect usually manifests subtly, only slightly slowing down a person's perception of motion. However, in rare cases, this effect can temporarily slow the visual perception of time to a near stand-still, causing events to appear dramatically slower.

Visual processing acceleration is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and thought acceleration. It is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline.

Magnification

Main article: Magnification
Magnification by StingrayZ - This is an animated example of the common psychedelic visual effect known as magnification. There is also a significant amount of visual drifting present within the animation.

Magnification is defined as the experience of distant details within one's visual field appearing closer and more "zoomed in" than they actually are due to both visual enhancements and hallucinatory effects.[15] This can give the perception that one is seeing objects from greater distances than is usually possible within everyday life.

At its lower levels, this can allow people to see nearby objects (such as within reaching distance) as much closer than they really are, resulting in the perception that their visual capabilities have been enhanced.[15] At its higher levels, this can induce the perception of seeing distant objects as if they were right in front of the user despite their distance. These distances can range from several feet to hundreds of meters. Since this is most likely a physiological impossibility, it suggests that higher level magnification may actually be a seamless hallucinatory state in which the details of distant visual input are predictively simulated in a realistic and convincing manner.

It's worth noting that this effect is considerably more likely to occur if a person spends extended periods of time staring at an object or scene within the distance.

Magnification is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and pattern recognition enhancement. It is a rare effect that is most commonly induced under the influence of moderate dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline.

Pattern recognition enhancement

 
Face in a cloud by Neil Usher - This image serves as an example of pattern recognition enhancement.

Pattern recognition enhancement is defined as an increase in a person's ability and tendency to recognize patterns (usually faces) within vague stimuli.

This innate ability which human beings possess in everyday life is referred to by the scientific literature as pareidolia and is a well documented phenomenon.[16][17][18] Common examples of this include spotting faces in everyday objects, such as the front of a car, or seeing different objects in clouds.[8]

During this effect, pareidolia can be significantly more pronounced than it would usually be during a sober state.[19] For example, remarkably detailed images may appear embedded in scenery, everyday objects may look like faces, and clouds may appear as fantastical objects, all without any visual alterations taking place. Once an image has been perceived within an object or landscape, the mind may further exaggerate this recognition through the hallucinatory effect known as transformations, which goes beyond pareidolia and becomes a standard visual hallucination.

Pattern recognition enhancement is often accompanied by other coinciding effects such as acuity enhancement and colour enhancement.[2][3] It is most commonly induced under the influence of mild dosages of psychedelic compounds, such as LSD, psilocybin, and mescaline.

Image examples

 Caption
AL-LAD
6-APDB
Mescaline
 The Forest Has Eyes by Bev Doolittle
PRO-LAD
Ayahuasca
2C-C
25B-NBOH
Experience:120µg LSD - First Bad Acid Trip, Psychosis
Experience: 15mg 2C-B (oral) - A pleasant low-dose evening with Nexus
4-HO-EPT
25N-NBOMe
TMA-6
Experience:300µg LSD - Togetherness and the Silent Dusk
 Optical illusion by Oleg Shuplyak
Experience:1000 Morning Glory seeds - Rediscovering the Self
4-AcO-DET
Experience:Mushrooms and Snuff Films -- Trip Report (3.5 grams)
TMA-2
25C-NBOMe
4-HO-MET
Experience: 80mg EPT - Slight improvement
2C-T-21
DOC
2C-P
DOI
MPT
MDA
4-AcO-MiPT
3C-E
 Optical illusion by Oleg Shuplyak
1P-LSD
 Eye of the tower by Davide Lombardi
5-MeO-DiPT
 Face within a cloud by Denis Farmer
4-AcO-MET
25C-NBOH
Proscaline
DMT
DET
MDMA
Experience:4.5g - The Grand Introduction to Beauty and Fear
Experience:25mg - A labyrinth of organs and a storybook walk
25B-NBOMe
2C-E
Experience:2mg 25C-NBOMe - Experimental trip to test personal limits of NBOMes
Efavirenz
Harmala alkaloid
Bromo-DragonFLY
DOB
Experience:40mg - Brothermind and the Forest's Hand
 Absents of the mermaid by Octavio Ocampo
2C-T-7
Allylescaline
4-HO-DiPT
4-HO-DET
Experience:~150mg MDA(oral) - a case of mistaken identity
Psilocybin mushrooms
Experience:20mg (insufflated) - permanent all-encompassing states of unity and interconnectedness
Escaline
1P-ETH-LAD
3-MMC
4-HO-DPT
6-APB
4-HO-MPT
DPT
Experience:3.5g psilocybe cubensis - Relinquishing of Material Chains/Fear and Desolation
2C-T-2
LSD
2C-D
 Skullflower by Anonymous
Psilocin
LSM-775
1B-LSD
25I-NBOMe
ΑMT
MiPLA
Ibogaine
Experience:20mg - I looked up and saw an angry god-like figure made of clouds glaring down at me
5-MeO-MiPT
MET
4-AcO-DMT
Methallylescaline
5-MeO-DiBF
Experience:3 Grams of Mushrooms - Reset on my Life, Experiencing Satori and the Cosmic Perspective
LSA
Experience:0.75g MDMA - Possibly some MDA through metabolisation?
Experience: 200µg 1P-LSD (sublingual) + 12mg CBD - The Vortex of Empathy
MDEA
25I-NBOH
25D-NBOMe
DOM
MiPT
Experience:Unknown dosage / 1 tab DOC - Psychedelia Turned Into Stimulant Psychosis
EPT
ETH-LAD
 Squinting eyes on a roof top by Anonymous
4-FA
 Face within tree bark by Bev Doolittle
ALD-52
Experience:Unknown dosage / 3 tabs - Ego death and a total break through in the snow
Experience:250 seeds - Harsh body load
Experience:2C-P (approx. 35mg) - Asymmetrical Terror and the Geometric Sea
2C-I
Experience: 22mg 2C-B (oral) / 100ug 1P-LSD (sublingual) - My first time tripping alone (2 days in a row)
PARGY-LAD
Βk-2C-B
LSZ
Experience:5g Mushrooms - Failed attempt at a Terence Mckenna style trip.
Experience:BK-2C-B - Various experiences
 Smile in tree bark by Chelsea Morgan
2C-B-FLY
Experience:20mg 4-HO-DET, Triping for my birthday
4-HO-MiPT
Experience:150mg MDMA + 20mg 2C-B - I designed it this way myself
5-MeO-DALT
 Face in a cloud by Neil Usher
2C-B


See also

References

  1. Sardegna, Jill; Shelly, Susan; Rutzen, Allan Richard; Scott M Steidl (2002). The Encyclopedia of Blindness and Vision Impairment. Infobase Publishing. p. 253. ISBN 978-0-8160-6623-0. Retrieved 30 November 2014.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 Papoutsis, Ioannis; Nikolaou, Panagiota; Stefanidou, Maria; Spiliopoulou, Chara; Athanaselis, Sotiris (2014). "25B-NBOMe and its precursor 2C-B: modern trends and hidden dangers". Forensic Toxicology. 33 (1): 1–11. doi:10.1007/s11419-014-0242-9. ISSN 1860-8965. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Bersani, Francesco Saverio; Corazza, Ornella; Albano, Gabriella; Valeriani, Giuseppe; Santacroce, Rita; Bolzan Mariotti Posocco, Flaminia; Cinosi, Eduardo; Simonato, Pierluigi; Martinotti, Giovanni; Bersani, Giuseppe; Schifano, Fabrizio (2014). "25C-NBOMe: Preliminary Data on Pharmacology, Psychoactive Effects, and Toxicity of a New Potent and Dangerous Hallucinogenic Drug". BioMed Research International. 2014: 1–6. doi:10.1155/2014/734749. ISSN 2314-6133. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Hartman, Alan M.; Hollister, Leo E. (1963). "Effect of mescaline, lysergic acid diethylamide and psilocybin on color perception". Psychopharmacologia. 4 (6): 441–451. doi:10.1007/BF00403349. ISSN 0033-3158. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Kleinman, J. E.; Gillin, J. C.; Wyatt, R. J. (1977). "A Comparison of the Phenomenology of Hallucinogens and Schizophrenia From Some Autobiographical Accounts*". Schizophrenia Bulletin. 3 (4): 560–586. doi:10.1093/schbul/3.4.560. ISSN 0586-7614. 
  6. . doi:10.3389/Ffnhum.2015.00346.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. Obreshkova, D., Kandilarov, I., Angelova, V. T., Iliev, Y., Atanasov, P., & Fotev, P. S. (2017). PHARMACO-TOXICOLOGICAL ASPECTS AND ANALYSIS OF PHENYLALKYLAMINE AND INDOLYLALKYLAMINE HALLUCINOGENS (REVIEW). PHARMACIA, 64(1), 41-42. http://bsphs.org/wp-content/uploads/2017/04/Angelova.pdf
  8. 8.0 8.1 Abraham, Henry David (1983). "Visual Phenomenology of the LSD Flashback". Archives of General Psychiatry. 40 (8): 884. doi:10.1001/archpsyc.1983.01790070074009. ISSN 0003-990X. 
  9. Baggott, M.J.; Coyle, J.R.; Erowid, E.; Erowid, F.; Robertson, L.C. (2011). "Abnormal visual experiences in individuals with histories of hallucinogen use: A web-based questionnaire". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 114 (1): 61–67. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2010.09.006. ISSN 0376-8716. 
  10. Dillon, P (2003). "Patterns of use and harms associated with non-medical ketamine use". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 69 (1): 23–28. doi:10.1016/S0376-8716(02)00243-0. ISSN 0376-8716. 
  11. Time Really Does Seem to Slow Down for Athletes (Gizmodo) | https://gizmodo.com/5940562/time-really-does-seem-to-slow-down-for-athletes
  12. Wittmann, Marc; Leland, David S.; Churan, Jan; Paulus, Martin P. (2007). "Impaired time perception and motor timing in stimulant-dependent subjects". Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 90 (2-3): 183–192. doi:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2007.03.005. ISSN 0376-8716. 
  13. Arstila, Valtteri (2012). "Time Slows Down during Accidents". Frontiers in Psychology. 3. doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2012.00196. ISSN 1664-1078. 
  14. Burr, David; Stetson, Chess; Fiesta, Matthew P.; Eagleman, David M. (2007). "Does Time Really Slow Down during a Frightening Event?". PLoS ONE. 2 (12): e1295. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0001295. ISSN 1932-6203. 
  15. 15.0 15.1 Fischer, Roland; Hill, Richard; Thatcher, Karen; Scheib, James (1970). "Psilocybin-induced contraction of nearby visual space". Agents and Actions. 1 (4): 190–197. doi:10.1007/BF01965761. ISSN 0065-4299. 
  16. Liu, Jiangang; Li, Jun; Feng, Lu; Li, Ling; Tian, Jie; Lee, Kang (2014). "Seeing Jesus in toast: Neural and behavioral correlates of face pareidolia". Cortex. 53: 60–77. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2014.01.013. ISSN 0010-9452. 
  17. Hadjikhani, Nouchine; Kato, Masaharu; Mugitani, Ryoko (2015). "Pareidolia in Infants". PLOS ONE. 10 (2): e0118539. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0118539. ISSN 1932-6203. 
  18. Coolidge, F. L., & Coolidge, M. L. (2016, August 09). Why People See Faces When There Are None: Pareidolia. Retrieved February 21, 2018, from https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/how-think-neandertal/201608/why-people-see-faces-when-there-are-none-pareidolia
  19. Halberstadt, Adam L. (2015). "Recent advances in the neuropsychopharmacology of serotonergic hallucinogens". Behavioural Brain Research. 277: 99–120. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2014.07.016. ISSN 0166-4328.